It’s time to bite the bullet. I’ve talked and written about the differences between Open Access, open source, and OER. I’ve said that the Open Access movement concerns free publications – journals or texts. I’ve said that open source concerns free software. And I’ve said that UNESCO introduced the term OER more than a decade ago, and currently displays the following definition on their website:
Open Educational Resources (OERs) are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license. The nature of these open materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them. OERs range from textbooks to curricula, syllabi, lecture notes, assignments, tests, projects, audio, video and animation. (Citation)
This definition is almost identical to the original 10+ year old definition. Note the use of the word “freely.” They don’t say that OERs are cost-free. But when you find something on the Web, and when those somethings display an “open license,” usually Creative Commons, you can see whether or not there’s a cost associated with your reuse of the something.
But, the practical reality of the definition of the word “freely” has evolved dramatically since UNESCO’s original definition. Today, more than a decade later, and despite the vagueness of the meaning of the word “freely,” the operational definition of OER is that this word has come to mean no cost. That is, most everyone who uses or sees an OER today assumes that it’s completely free of cost. But it isn’t necessarily so. But where does that leave us?
Unfortunately, while most of the time OERs are free, from time to time they are not. In MERLOT, we do not call our collection an OER collection. That’s because there are some things in the collection that are not free of cost. Mostly they’re there because they are really good; instructors, librarians and student should know about them. So the materials are in the collection – with the notation that there is a cost associated with them. But when you find things elsewhere that claim to be OERs, the situation is different. Without a proper license, it’s buyer beware. Misuse of a material that does have cost information associated with its reuse could have a cost for misuse later!
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